Section I: “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.”
Section II: “Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”
Became law August 26, 1920
The phrase “on account of sex” should have read “on account of gender” but in the final women were finally enfranchised to vote.
The Nineteenth Amendment’s text was drafted by Susan B. Anthony with the assistance of Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
It is worth noting the battle for women’s right to cast a ballot without states restriction took some seventy years.
The work in many respects was not over by any measure when the bill was sent to the states for ratification. The struggle in some ways started a new.
Senator Smith of South Carolina opposed giving women the right to vote, he said, “because to allow it would induce “sectional anarchy.”
The Seattle University Law School said “Casting a vote is the most widely understood and discretely effective way to have one’s voice heard in American politics.”
How important is just one vote, here are some examples:
In 1645, one vote gave Oliver Cromwell control of England
In 1649, one vote caused Charles I of England to be executed
In 1776, one vote gave America the English language instead of German
In 1845, one vote brought Texas into the Union
In 1868, one vote saved President Andrew Johnson from impeachment
In 1876, one vote gave Rutherford B. Hayes the presidency of the United States
In 1923, one vote gave Adolf Hitler leadership of the Nazi Party
In 1941, one vote saved Selective Service – just weeks before Pearl harbor was attacked
In 1960, John F. Kennedy was elected by one vote per precinct
The 19th Amendment is also referred to as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment. Anthony is but one notable women of the suffrage movement. Women were fighting for the vote in states across this nation. Susan B. Anthony in her famous speech “Women’s Right to Vote” (1875), argued that the words of “The Declaration of Independence” guaranteed women’s voting rights.